J. L. Mueller, Inc. The CAP Ergonomics Program
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CAP Ergonomics Guide

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The CAP Workplace Ergonomics Reference Guide

Faced with the rising incidence of musculoskeletal disorders in the workforce, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) contracted with J.L. Mueller, Inc. in 1997 to develop training programs and materials to address both the prevention of disabilities, as well as accommodation of those employees already disabled. Central to this effort was empowerment of managers and employees to identify and rectify risks at their own worksites, including disability prevention through lifestyle changes and exercise.

In cooperation with the DoD Computer/Electronic Accommodations Program (CAP) staff, J.L. Mueller, Inc. identified workplace design factors which might be barriers to workers with disabilities, as well as risks to workers not yet experiencing a disability. The product was an illustrated Workplace Ergonomics Reference Guide for managers and employees to assess their own work processes and environments and to identify remedies for problems before they cause disability. This workbook became the basis for ergonomic staff training throughout the Department of Defense and provided simple guidelines to common workplace features including:

Workplace Accessibility
  Accessible routes of travel
  Accessible doorways and door hardware
  Changes in level
  Emergency evacuation

Visual and Auditory Information
  Positioning and lighting
  Typeface selection
  Ambient noise and auditory signals
  Sound attenuation

  Illumination without glare
  Materials and positioning to reduce glare
  Orientation to natural and artificial light
  Personal measures for reducing eye fatigue

  Easy access at the workstation
  Appropriate containers
  Identification of materials
  Safe handling and transport

  Adequate support and stability
  Adjustability features
  How to adjust a seat, back and arm support

Work Space Layout
  Adequate space
  Work surface materials and adjustments
  Air quality

Computer Displays
  Monitor placement
  Minimizing glare
  Locating source documents

Computer Inputs
  Keyboard and mouse positioning
  Hand and wrist support
  Software options

Telephones and Other Office Equipment
  Electrical supply
  Equipment controls
  Telephone location
  Telephone peripheral options

Work Practices
  Maintaining a neutral posture
  Minimizing repetitive and cumulative stresses
  Maintaining general health and productivity

Significantly, this resource covers not just ways the employer can improve workplace ergonomics, but also how workers can minimize their risk of workplace-related injury by adopting healthy work habits.

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Workplace Ergonomics Reference Guide

The Computer/
Electronics Accommodation Program